Serverless Step Functions

The module is AWS Step Functions plugin for Serverless Framework

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Serverless Step Functions

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This is the Serverless Framework plugin for AWS Step Functions.

TOC

Install

Run npm install in your Serverless project.

$ npm install --save-dev serverless-step-functions

Add the plugin to your serverless.yml file

plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions

Setup

Specifies your statemachine definition using Amazon States Language in a definition statement in serverless.yml. You can use CloudFormation intrinsic functions such as Ref and Fn::GetAtt to reference Lambda functions, SNS topics, SQS queues and DynamoDB tables declared in the same serverless.yml.

Alternatively, you can also provide the raw ARN, or SQS queue URL, or DynamoDB table name as a string. If you need to construct the ARN by hand, then we recommend to use the serverless-pseudo-parameters plugin together to make your life easier.

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hellostepfunc1:
      events:
        - http:
            path: gofunction
            method: GET
        - schedule:
            rate: rate(10 minutes)
            enabled: true
            input:
              key1: value1
              key2: value2
              stageParams:
                stage: dev
      name: myStateMachine
      definition:
        Comment: "A Hello World example of the Amazon States Language using an AWS Lambda Function"
        StartAt: HelloWorld1
        States:
          HelloWorld1:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            End: true
      dependsOn: CustomIamRole
      tags:
        Team: Atlantis
      alarms:
        topics:
          ok: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
          alarm: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
          insufficientData: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
        metrics:
          - executionsTimeOut
          - executionsFailed
          - executionsAborted
          - metric: executionThrottled
            treatMissingData: breaching # overrides below default
        treatMissingData: ignore # optional
    hellostepfunc2:
      definition:
        StartAt: HelloWorld2
        States:
          HelloWorld2:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            End: true
      dependsOn:
        - DynamoDBTable
        - KinesisStream
        - CUstomIamRole
      tags:
        Team: Atlantis
  activities:
    - myTask
    - yourTask

plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Adding a custom name for a stateMachine

In case you need to interpolate a specific stage or service layer variable as the stateMachines name you can add a name property to your yaml.

service: messager

functions:
  sendMessage:
    handler: handler.sendMessage

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    sendMessageFunc:
      name: sendMessageFunc-${self:custom.service}-${opt:stage}
      definition:
        <your definition>

plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions

Adding a custom logical id for a stateMachine

You can use a custom logical id that is only unique within the stack as opposed to the name that needs to be unique globally. This can make referencing the state machine easier/simpler because you don't have to duplicate the interpolation logic everywhere you reference the state machine.

service: messager

functions:
  sendMessage:
    handler: handler.sendMessage

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    sendMessageFunc:
      id: SendMessageStateMachine
      name: sendMessageFunc-${self:custom.service}-${opt:stage}
      definition:
        <your definition>

plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions

You can then Ref: SendMessageStateMachine in various parts of CloudFormation or serverless.yml

Depending on another logical id

If your state machine depends on another resource defined in your serverless.yml then you can add a dependsOn field to the state machine definition. This would add the DependsOnclause to the generated CloudFormation template.

This dependsOn field can be either a string, or an array of strings.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    myStateMachine:
      dependsOn: myDB

    myOtherStateMachine:
      dependsOn:
        - myOtherDB
        - myStream

CloudWatch Alarms

It's common practice to want to monitor the health of your state machines and be alerted when something goes wrong. You can either:

  • do this using the serverless-plugin-aws-alerts, which lets you configure custom CloudWatch Alarms against the various metrics that Step Functions publishes.
  • or, you can use the built-in alarms configuration from this plugin, which gives you an opinionated set of default alarms (see below)
stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    myStateMachine:
      alarms:
        topics:
          ok: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
          alarm: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
          insufficientData: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
        metrics:
          - executionsTimeOut
          - executionsFailed
          - executionsAborted
          - executionThrottled
        treatMissingData: missing

Both topics and metrics are required properties. There are 4 supported metrics, each map to the CloudWatch Metrics that Step Functions publishes for your executions.

You can configure how the CloudWatch Alarms should treat missing data:

  • missing (AWS default): The alarm does not consider missing data points when evaluating whether to change state.
  • ignore: The current alarm state is maintained.
  • breaching: Missing data points are treated as breaching the threshold.
  • notBreaching: Missing data points are treated as being within the threshold.

For more information, please refer to the official documentation.

The generated CloudWatch alarms would have the following configurations:

namespace: 'AWS/States'
metric: <ExecutionsTimeOut | ExecutionsFailed | ExecutionsAborted | ExecutionThrottled>
threshold: 1
period: 60
evaluationPeriods: 1
ComparisonOperator: GreaterThanOrEqualToThreshold
Statistic: Sum
treatMissingData: <missing (default) | ignore | breaching | notBreaching>
Dimensions:
  - Name: StateMachineArn
    Value: <ArnOfTheStateMachine>

You can also override the default treatMissingData setting for a particular alarm by specifying an override:

alarms:
  topics:
    ok: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
    alarm: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
    insufficientData: arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:1234567890:NotifyMe
  metrics:
    - executionsTimeOut
    - executionsFailed
    - executionsAborted
    - metric: executionThrottled
      treatMissingData: breaching # override
  treatMissingData: ignore # default

CloudWatch Notifications

You can monitor the execution state of your state machines via CloudWatch Events. It allows you to be alerted when the status of your state machine changes to ABORTED, FAILED, RUNNING, SUCCEEDED or TIMED_OUT.

You can configure CloudWatch Events to send notification to a number of targets. Currently this plugin supports sns, sqs, kinesis, firehose, lambda and stepFunctions.

To configure status change notifications to your state machine, you can add a notifications like below:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hellostepfunc1:
      name: test
      definition:
        ...
      notifications:
        ABORTED:
          - sns: SNS_TOPIC_ARN
          - sqs: SQS_TOPIC_ARN
          - sqs: # for FIFO queues, which requires you to configure the message group ID
              arn: SQS_TOPIC_ARN
              messageGroupId: 12345
          - lambda: LAMBDA_FUNCTION_ARN
          - kinesis: KINESIS_STREAM_ARN
          - kinesis:
               arn: KINESIS_STREAM_ARN
               partitionKeyPath: $.id # used to choose the parition key from payload
          - firehose: FIREHOSE_STREAM_ARN
          - stepFunctions: STATE_MACHINE_ARN
        FAILED:
          ... # same as above
        ... # other status

As you can see from the above example, you can configure different notification targets for each type of status change. If you want to configure the same targets for multiple status changes, then consider using YML anchors to keep your YML succinct.

CloudFormation intrinsic functions such as Ref and Fn::GetAtt are supported.

When setting up a notification target against a FIFO SQS queue, the queue must enable the content-based deduplication option and you must configure the messageGroupId.

Current Gotcha

Please keep this gotcha in mind if you want to reference the name from the resources section. To generate Logical ID for CloudFormation, the plugin transforms the specified name in serverless.yml based on the following scheme.

  • Transform a leading character into uppercase
  • Transform - into Dash
  • Transform _ into Underscore

If you want to use variables system in name statement, you can't put the variables as a prefix like this:${self:service}-${opt:stage}-myStateMachine since the variables are transformed within Output section, as a result, the reference will be broken.

The correct sample is here.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    myStateMachine:
      name: myStateMachine-${self:service}-${opt:stage}
...

resources:
  Outputs:
    myStateMachine:
      Value:
        Ref: MyStateMachineDash${self:service}Dash${opt:stage}

Events

API Gateway

To create HTTP endpoints as Event sources for your StepFunctions statemachine

Simple HTTP Endpoint

This setup specifies that the hello state machine should be run when someone accesses the API gateway at hello via a GET request.

Here's an example:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: hello
            method: GET
      definition:

Here You can define an POST endpoint for the path posts/create.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
      definition:

HTTP Endpoint with custom IAM Role

The plugin would generate an IAM Role for you by default. However, if you wish to use an IAM role that you have provisioned separately, then you can override the IAM Role like this:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            iamRole: arn:aws:iam::<accountId>:role/<roleName>
      definition:

Share API Gateway and API Resources

You can share the same API Gateway between multiple projects by referencing its REST API ID and Root Resource ID in serverless.yml as follows:

service: service-name
provider:
  name: aws
  apiGateway:
    # REST API resource ID. Default is generated by the framework
    restApiId: xxxxxxxxxx
    # Root resource, represent as / path
    restApiRootResourceId: xxxxxxxxxx

functions:
  ...

If your application has many nested paths, you might also want to break them out into smaller services.

However, Cloudformation will throw an error if we try to generate an existing path resource. To avoid that, we reference the resource ID:

service: service-a
provider:
  apiGateway:
    restApiId: xxxxxxxxxx
    restApiRootResourceId: xxxxxxxxxx
    # List of existing resources that were created in the REST API. This is required or the stack will be conflicted
    restApiResources:
      /users: xxxxxxxxxx

functions:
  ...

Now we can define endpoints using existing API Gateway ressources

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: users/create
            method: POST

Enabling CORS

To set CORS configurations for your HTTP endpoints, simply modify your event configurations as follows:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            cors: true
      definition:

Setting cors to true assumes a default configuration which is equivalent to:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            cors:
              origin: '*'
              headers:
                - Content-Type
                - X-Amz-Date
                - Authorization
                - X-Api-Key
                - X-Amz-Security-Token
                - X-Amz-User-Agent
              allowCredentials: false
      definition:

Configuring the cors property sets Access-Control-Allow-Origin, Access-Control-Allow-Headers, Access-Control-Allow-Methods,Access-Control-Allow-Credentials headers in the CORS preflight response. To enable the Access-Control-Max-Age preflight response header, set the maxAge property in the cors object:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    SfnApiGateway:
      events:
        - http:
            path: /playground/start
            method: post
            cors:
              origin: '*'
              maxAge: 86400

HTTP Endpoints with AWS_IAM Authorizers

If you want to require that the caller submit the IAM user's access keys in order to be authenticated to invoke your Lambda Function, set the authorizer to AWS_IAM as shown in the following example:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            authorizer: aws_iam
      definition:

HTTP Endpoints with Custom Authorizers

Custom Authorizers allow you to run an AWS Lambda Function before your targeted AWS Lambda Function. This is useful for Microservice Architectures or when you simply want to do some Authorization before running your business logic.

You can enable Custom Authorizers for your HTTP endpoint by setting the Authorizer in your http event to another function in the same service, as shown in the following example:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      - http:
          path: posts/create
          method: post
          authorizer: authorizerFunc
      definition:

If the Authorizer function does not exist in your service but exists in AWS, you can provide the ARN of the Lambda function instead of the function name, as shown in the following example:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      - http:
          path: posts/create
          method: post
          authorizer: xxx:xxx:Lambda-Name
      definition:

Shared Authorizer

Auto-created Authorizer is convenient for conventional setup. However, when you need to define your custom Authorizer, or use COGNITO_USER_POOLS authorizer with shared API Gateway, it is painful because of AWS limitation. Sharing Authorizer is a better way to do.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    createUser:
      ...
      events:
        - http:
            path: /users
            ...
            authorizer:
              # Provide both type and authorizerId
              type: COGNITO_USER_POOLS # TOKEN, CUSTOM or COGNITO_USER_POOLS, same as AWS Cloudformation documentation
              authorizerId:
                Ref: ApiGatewayAuthorizer  # or hard-code Authorizer ID
              # [Optional] you can also specify the OAuth scopes for Cognito
              scopes:
                - scope1
                ...

LAMBDA_PROXY request template

The plugin generates default body mapping templates for application/json and application/x-www-form-urlencoded content types. The default template would pass the request body as input to the state machine. If you need access to other contextual information about the HTTP request such as headers, path parameters, etc. then you can also use the lambda_proxy request template like this:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            request:
              template: lambda_proxy

This would generate the normal LAMBDA_PROXY template used for API Gateway integration with Lambda functions.

Customizing request body mapping templates

If you'd like to add content types or customize the default templates, you can do so by including your custom API Gateway request mapping template in serverless.yml like so:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      events:
        - http:
            path: posts/create
            method: POST
            request:
              template:
                application/json: |
                  #set( $body = $util.escapeJavaScript($input.json('$')) )
                  #set( $name = $util.escapeJavaScript($input.json('$.data.attributes.order_id')) )
                  {
                    "input": "$body",
                    "name": "$name",
                    "stateMachineArn":"arn:aws:states:#{AWS::Region}:#{AWS::AccountId}:stateMachine:processOrderFlow-${opt:stage}"
                  }
      name: processOrderFlow-${opt:stage}
      definition:

Send request to an API

You can input an value as json in request body, the value is passed as the input value of your statemachine

$ curl -XPOST https://xxxxxxxxx.execute-api.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/dev/posts/create -d '{"foo":"bar"}'

Setting API keys for your Rest API

You can specify a list of API keys to be used by your service Rest API by adding an apiKeys array property to the provider object in serverless.yml. You'll also need to explicitly specify which endpoints are private and require one of the api keys to be included in the request by adding a private boolean property to the http event object you want to set as private. API Keys are created globally, so if you want to deploy your service to different stages make sure your API key contains a stage variable as defined below. When using API keys, you can optionally define usage plan quota and throttle, using usagePlan object.

Here's an example configuration for setting API keys for your service Rest API:

service: my-service
provider:
  name: aws
  apiKeys:
    - myFirstKey
    - ${opt:stage}-myFirstKey
    - ${env:MY_API_KEY} # you can hide it in a serverless variable
  usagePlan:
    quota:
      limit: 5000
      offset: 2
      period: MONTH
    throttle:
      burstLimit: 200
      rateLimit: 100
functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

    stepFunctions:
      stateMachines:
        statemachine1:
          name: ${self:service}-${opt:stage}-statemachine1
          events:
            - http:
                path: /hello
                method: post
                private: true
          definition:
            Comment: "A Hello World example of the Amazon States Language using an AWS Lambda Function"
            StartAt: HelloWorld1
            States:
              HelloWorld1:
                Type: Task
                Resource:
                  Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
                End: true


    plugins:
      - serverless-step-functions
      - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Please note that those are the API keys names, not the actual values. Once you deploy your service, the value of those API keys will be auto generated by AWS and printed on the screen for you to use. The values can be concealed from the output with the --conceal deploy option.

Clients connecting to this Rest API will then need to set any of these API keys values in the x-api-key header of their request. This is only necessary for functions where the private property is set to true.

Schedule

The following config will attach a schedule event and causes the stateMachine crawl to be called every 2 hours. The configuration allows you to attach multiple schedules to the same stateMachine. You can either use the rate or cron syntax. Take a look at the AWS schedule syntax documentation for more details.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    crawl:
      events:
        - schedule: rate(2 hours)
        - schedule: cron(0 12 * * ? *)
      definition:

Enabling / Disabling

Note: schedule events are enabled by default.

This will create and attach a schedule event for the aggregate stateMachine which is disabled. If enabled it will call the aggregate stateMachine every 10 minutes.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    aggregate:
      events:
        - schedule:
            rate: rate(10 minutes)
            enabled: false
            input:
              key1: value1
              key2: value2
              stageParams:
                stage: dev
        - schedule:
            rate: cron(0 12 * * ? *)
            enabled: false
            inputPath: '$.stageVariables'

Specify Name and Description

Name and Description can be specified for a schedule event. These are not required properties.

events:
  - schedule:
      name: your-scheduled-rate-event-name
      description: 'your scheduled rate event description'
      rate: rate(2 hours)

Scheduled Events IAM Role

By default, the plugin will create a new IAM role that allows AWS Events to start your state machine. Note that this role is different than the role assumed by the state machine. You can specify your own role instead (it must allow events.amazonaws.com to assume it, and it must be able to run states:StartExecution on your state machine):

events:
  - schedule:
      rate: rate(2 hours)
      role: arn:aws:iam::xxxxxxxx:role/yourRole

CloudWatch Event

Simple event definition

This will enable your Statemachine to be called by an EC2 event rule. Please check the page of Event Types for CloudWatch Events.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    first:
      events:
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
      definition:
        ...

Enabling / Disabling

Note: cloudwatchEvent events are enabled by default.

This will create and attach a disabled cloudwatchEvent event for the myCloudWatch statemachine.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    cloudwatchEvent:
      events:
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
            enabled: false
      definition:
        ...

Specify Input or Inputpath

You can specify input values ​​to the Lambda function.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    cloudwatchEvent:
      events:
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
            input:
              key1: value1
              key2: value2
              stageParams:
                stage: dev
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
            inputPath: '$.stageVariables'
      definition:
        ...

Specifying a Description

You can also specify a CloudWatch Event description.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    cloudwatchEvent:
      events:
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            description: 'CloudWatch Event triggered on EC2 Instance pending state'
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
      definition:
        ...

Specifying a Name

You can also specify a CloudWatch Event name. Keep in mind that the name must begin with a letter; contain only ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens; and not end with a hyphen or contain two consecutive hyphens. More infomation here.

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    cloudwatchEvent:
      events:
        - cloudwatchEvent:
            name: 'my-cloudwatch-event-name'
            event:
              source:
                - "aws.ec2"
              detail-type:
                - "EC2 Instance State-change Notification"
              detail:
                state:
                  - pending
      definition:
        ...

Tags

You can specify tags on each state machine. Additionally any global tags (specified under provider section in your serverless.yml) would be merged in as well.

Commands

deploy

Run sls deploy, the defined Stepfunctions are deployed.

invoke

$ sls invoke stepf --name <stepfunctionname> --data '{"foo":"bar"}'

options

  • --name or -n The name of the step function in your service that you want to invoke. Required.
  • --stage or -s The stage in your service you want to invoke your step function.
  • --region or -r The region in your stage that you want to invoke your step function.
  • --data or -d String data to be passed as an event to your step function.
  • --path or -p The path to a json file with input data to be passed to the invoked step function.

IAM Role

The IAM roles required to run Statemachine are automatically generated. It is also possible to specify ARN directly.

Here's an example:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      role: arn:aws:iam::xxxxxxxx:role/yourRole
      definition:

It is also possible to use the CloudFormation intrinsic functions to reference resources from elsewhere:

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hello:
      role:
        Ref: StateMachineRole
      definition:
        ...

resources:
  Resources:
    StateMachineRole:
      Type: AWS::IAM::Role
      Properties:
        ...

The short form of the intrinsic functions (i.e. !Sub, !Ref) is not supported at the moment.

Tips

How to specify the stateMachine ARN to environment variables

Here is serverless.yml sample to specify the stateMachine ARN to environment variables. This makes it possible to trigger your statemachine through Lambda events

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    environment:
      statemachine_arn: ${self:resources.Outputs.MyStateMachine.Value}

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    hellostepfunc:
      name: myStateMachine
      definition:
        <your definition>

resources:
  Outputs:
    MyStateMachine:
      Description: The ARN of the example state machine
      Value:
        Ref: MyStateMachine

plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions

Sample statemachines setting in serverless.yml

Wait State

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    yourWateMachine:
      definition:
        Comment: "An example of the Amazon States Language using wait states"
        StartAt: FirstState
        States:
          FirstState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            Next: wait_using_seconds
          wait_using_seconds:
            Type: Wait
            Seconds: 10
            Next: wait_using_timestamp
          wait_using_timestamp:
            Type: Wait
            Timestamp: '2004T01:59:00Z'
            Next: wait_using_timestamp_path
          wait_using_timestamp_path:
            Type: Wait
            TimestampPath: "$.expirydate"
            Next: wait_using_seconds_path
          wait_using_seconds_path:
            Type: Wait
            SecondsPath: "$.expiryseconds"
            Next: FinalState
          FinalState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            End: true
plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Retry Failure

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    yourRetryMachine:
      definition:
        Comment: "A Retry example of the Amazon States Language using an AWS Lambda Function"
        StartAt: HelloWorld
        States:
          HelloWorld:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            Retry:
            - ErrorEquals:
              - HandledError
              IntervalSeconds: 1
              MaxAttempts: 2
              BackoffRate: 2
            - ErrorEquals:
              - States.TaskFailed
              IntervalSeconds: 30
              MaxAttempts: 2
              BackoffRate: 2
            - ErrorEquals:
              - States.ALL
              IntervalSeconds: 5
              MaxAttempts: 5
              BackoffRate: 2
            End: true
plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Parallel

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    yourParallelMachine:
      definition:
        Comment: "An example of the Amazon States Language using a parallel state to execute two branches at the same time."
        StartAt: Parallel
        States:
          Parallel:
            Type: Parallel
            Next: Final State
            Branches:
            - StartAt: Wait 20s
              States:
                Wait 20s:
                  Type: Wait
                  Seconds: 20
                  End: true
            - StartAt: Pass
              States:
                Pass:
                  Type: Pass
                  Next: Wait 10s
                Wait 10s:
                  Type: Wait
                  Seconds: 10
                  End: true
          Final State:
            Type: Pass
            End: true
plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Catch Failure

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    yourCatchMachine:
      definition:
        Comment: "A Catch example of the Amazon States Language using an AWS Lambda Function"
        StartAt: HelloWorld
        States:
          HelloWorld:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [HelloLambdaFunction, Arn]
            Catch:
            - ErrorEquals: ["HandledError"]
              Next: CustomErrorFallback
            - ErrorEquals: ["States.TaskFailed"]
              Next: ReservedTypeFallback
            - ErrorEquals: ["States.ALL"]
              Next: CatchAllFallback
            End: true
          CustomErrorFallback:
            Type: Pass
            Result: "This is a fallback from a custom lambda function exception"
            End: true
          ReservedTypeFallback:
            Type: Pass
            Result: "This is a fallback from a reserved error code"
            End: true
          CatchAllFallback:
            Type: Pass
            Result: "This is a fallback from a reserved error code"
            End: true
plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Choice

functions:
  hello1:
    handler: handler.hello1
  hello2:
    handler: handler.hello2
  hello3:
    handler: handler.hello3
  hello4:
    handler: handler.hello4

stepFunctions:
  stateMachines:
    yourChoiceMachine:
      definition:
        Comment: "An example of the Amazon States Language using a choice state."
        StartAt: FirstState
        States:
          FirstState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [Hello1LambdaFunction, Arn]
            Next: ChoiceState
          ChoiceState:
            Type: Choice
            Choices:
            - Variable: "$.foo"
              NumericEquals: 1
              Next: FirstMatchState
            - Variable: "$.foo"
              NumericEquals: 2
              Next: SecondMatchState
            Default: DefaultState
          FirstMatchState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [Hello2LambdaFunction, Arn]
            Next: NextState
          SecondMatchState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [Hello3LambdaFunction, Arn]
            Next: NextState
          DefaultState:
            Type: Fail
            Cause: "No Matches!"
          NextState:
            Type: Task
            Resource:
              Fn::GetAtt: [Hello4LambdaFunction, Arn]
            End: true
plugins:
  - serverless-step-functions
  - serverless-pseudo-parameters

Latest commit b2f54ec on Sep 24, 2017

New to serverless?

To get started, pop open your terminal & run:

npm install serverless -g