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#Kubeless - Functions

If you are using Kubeless as a provider, all functions inside the service are Kubernetes Function.v1.k8s.io objects.

#Configuration

All of the Kubeless Functions in your serverless service can be found in serverless.yml under the functions property.

# serverless.yml
service: my-service

provider:
  name: kubeless
  runtime: python2.7
  memorySize: 512M # optional, maximum memory
  timeout: 10 # optional, in seconds, default is 180
  namespace: funcions # optional, deployment namespace if not specified it uses "default"

plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  # The top name will be the name of the Function object
  # and the K8s service object to get a request to call the function
  hello:
    # The function to call as a response to the HTTP event
    handler: handler.hello # required, handler set
    description: Description of what the function does # optional, to set the description as an annotation
    memorySize: 512M # optional, maximum memory
    timeout: 10 # optional, in seconds, default is 180
    namespace: funcions # optional, deployment namespace, if not specified "default" will be used
    port: 8081 # optional, deploy http-based function with a custom port, default is 8080

The handler property points to the file and module containing the code you want to run in your function.

// handler.py
import json

def hello(request):
    body = {
        "message": "Go Serverless v1.0! Your function executed successfully!",
        "input": request.json
    }

    response = {
        "statusCode": 200,
        "body": json.dumps(body)
    }

    return response

You can add as many functions as you want within this property.

# serverless.yml
service: my-service

provider:
  name: kubeless
  runtime: python2.7

plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello_one:
    handler: handler.hello_one
  hello_two:
    handler: handler.hello_two

You can specify an array of functions, which is useful if you separate your functions in to different files:

# serverless.yml
...

functions:
  - ${file(../foo-functions.yml)}
  - ${file(../bar-functions.yml)}
# foo-functions.yml
getFoo:
  handler: handler.foo
deleteFoo:
  handler: handler.foo

#Runtimes

The Kubeless provider plugin supports the following runtimes.

  • Node.js
  • Python
  • Ruby

Please see the following repository for sample projects using those runtimes:

https://github.com/serverless/serverless-kubeless/tree/master/examples

#Installing dependencies

For installing dependencies the standard dependency file should be placed in the function folder:

  • For Python functions, it will use the file requirements.txt
  • For Nodejs functions, dependencies in the package.json file will be installed
  • For Ruby functions, it will use the file Gemfile.rb

If one of the above files is found, the depencies will be installed using a Init Container.

#Environment Variables

You can add environment variable configuration to a specific function in serverless.yml by adding an environment object property in the function configuration. This object should contain a key/value collection of strings:

# serverless.yml
service: service-name
provider: kubeless
plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    environment:
      TABLE_NAME: tableName

Or if you want to apply environment variable configuration to all functions in your service, you can add the configuration to the higher level provider object. Environment variables configured at the function level are merged with those at the provider level, so your function with specific environment variables will also have access to the environment variables defined at the provider level. If an environment variable with the same key is defined at both the function and provider levels, the function-specific value overrides the provider-level default value. For example:

# serverless.yml
service: service-name
provider:
  name: kubeless
  environment:
    SYSTEM_NAME: mySystem
    TABLE_NAME: tableName1

plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    # this function will have SYSTEM_NAME=mySystem and TABLE_NAME=tableName1 from the provider-level environment config above
    handler: handler.hello
  users:
    # this function will have SYSTEM_NAME=mySystem from the provider-level environment config above
    # but TABLE_NAME will be tableName2 because this more specific config will override the default above
    handler: handler.users
    environment:
      TABLE_NAME: tableName2

#Labels

Using the labels configuration makes it possible to add key / value labels to your functions.

Those labels will appear in deployments, services and pods and will make it easier to group functions by label or find functions with a common label.

provider:
  name: kubeless

plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    labels:
      foo: bar

#Custom hostname and path

It is possible to define a custom hostname and path that will be used to serve a function in a specific endpoint. For doing this, it is necessary to have an Ingress Controller available in the cluster.

provider:
  name: kubeless
  hostname: myhostname.io
plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    events:
      - http:
          path: /hello

In the example above, once the Ingress Rule has been processed by the Ingress controller, you can call the function using as endpoing myhostname.io/hello.

If no hostname is given but a function specifies a path, the plugin will use the IP of the cluster followed by a DNS mapping service. By default nip.io will be used but this can be configured with the property defaultDNSResolution.

provider:
  name: kubeless
  defaultDNSResolution: 'xip.io'
plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    events:
      - http:
          path: /hello

The above will result in an endpoint like 1.2.3.4.xip.io/hello where 1.2.3.4 is the IP of the cluster server.

The final URL in which the function will be listening can be retrieved executing serverless info.

#Custom images (alpha feature)

It is possible to skip the Kubeless build system and specify a prebuilt image to run a function. This feature is useful for using Kubeless with languages that are still not supported or if the function package is over 1MB. To get more information about how to use custom images visit the upstream documentation.

service: hello

provider:
  name: kubeless
  runtime: python2.7

plugins:
  - serverless-kubeless

functions:
  hello:
    handler: handler.hello
    image: tuna/kubeless-python:0.0.6

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